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Steven Edward Kern

Phone: 801-585-5958
Phone: 801-205-1085 (cell)
Office: 421 Wakara Way Suite 318

Steven Edward Kern

Adjunct Associate Professor, Bioengineering
Assistant Professor of Pharmaceutics and Anesthesiology
B.S. Mechanical Engineering Cornell University 1983
M.S. Bioengineering Pennsylvania State University 1986
Ph.D. Bioengineering University of Utah 1995


Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, Optimal Drug Delivery

Current Research

Optimizing drug therapy based on pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic modeling. For systemic applications, focus is applied towards analgesics and anesthetic agents with a clinical emphasis in the neonatal and pediatric intensive care units and during anesthesia. For local or targeted drug delivery, focus is applied towards developing tissue and cellular level pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic models. Application areas include prevention of vascular graft hyperplasia and gene delivery for anti-cancer applications.

Selected Publications

Kaur I, Kosak KM, Terrazas M, Herron JN, Kern SE, Boucher KM, Shami PJ, Effect of a Pluronic(®) P123 formulation on the nitric oxide-generating drug JS-K. Pharm Res 2015 Apr;32(4):1395-406

Kaur I, Terrazas M, Kosak KM, Kern SE, Boucher KM, Shami PJ, Cellular distribution studies of the nitric oxide-generating antineoplastic prodrug O(2) -(2,4-dinitrophenyl)1-((4-ethoxycarbonyl)piperazin-1-yl)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate formulated in Pluronic P123 micelles. J Pharm Pharmacol 2013 Sep;65(9):1329-36

Kern SE, Tiono AB, Makanga M, Gbadoé AD, Premji Z, Gaye O, Sagara I, Ubben D, Cousin M, Oladiran F, Sander O, Ogutu B, Community screening and treatment of asymptomatic carriers of Plasmodium falciparum with artemether-lumefantrine to reduce malaria disease burden: a modelling and simulation analysis. Malar J 2011 Jul 29;10:210

Jadhav PR, Kern SE, The need for modeling and simulation to design clinical investigations in children. J Clin Pharmacol 2010 Sep;50(9 Suppl):121S-9S

Han DW, Park K, Jang SB, Kern SE, Modeling the Effect of Sevoflurane on Corrected QT Prolongation: A Pharmacodynamic Analysis. Anesthesiology 2010 Aug 30;:

Ward RM, Kern SE, Clinical trials in neonates: a therapeutic imperative. Clin Pharmacol Ther 2009 Dec;86(6):585-7

Kern SE, Challenges in conducting clinical trials in children: approaches for improving performance. Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol 2009 Nov 1;2(6):609-617

Zhu W, Masaki T, Cheung AK, Kern SE, In-vitro Release of Rapamycin from a Thermosensitive Polymer for the Inhibition of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation. J Bioequiv Availab 2009 May 9;1:3-12

Kern SE, Stanski DR, Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of intravenously administered anesthetic drugs: concepts and lessons for drug development. Clin Pharmacol Ther 2008 Jul;84(1):153-7

Kakar M, Davis JR, Kern SE, Lim CS, Optimizing the protein switch: altering nuclear import and export signals, and ligand binding domain. J Control Release 2007 Jul 31;120(3):220-32

Zhou J, Yockman JW, Kim SW, Kern SE, Intracellular kinetics of non-viral gene delivery using polyethylenimine carriers. Pharm Res 2007 Jun;24(6):1079-87

Kern SE, Allen J, Wagstaff J, Shafer SL, Yaksh T, The pharmacokinetics of the conopeptide contulakin-G (CGX-1160) after intrathecal administration: an analysis of data from studies in beagles. Anesth Analg 2007 Jun;104(6):1514-20, table of contents

Kang SH, Poynton MR, Kim KM, Lee H, Kim DH, Lee SH, Bae KS, Linares O, Kern SE, Noh G , Population pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic models of remifentanil in healthy volunteers using artificial neural network analysis. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2007 Feb 22;:

Terry CM, Blumenthal DK, Sikharam S, Li L, Kuji T, Kern SE, Cheung AK, Evaluation of histological techniques for quantifying haemodialysis arteriovenous (AV) graft hyperplasia. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2006 Nov;21(11):3172-9

Zhu W, Masaki T, Cheung AK, Kern SE, Cellular pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dipyridamole in vascular smooth muscle cells. Biochem Pharmacol 2006 Oct 16;72(8):956-64

Fidler M, Kern SE, Flexible interaction model for complex interactions of multiple anesthetics. Anesthesiology 2006 Aug;105(2):286-96

Kuji T, Masaki T, Goteti K, Li L, Zhuplatov S, Terry CM, Zhu W, Leypoldt JK, Rathi R, Blumenthal DK, Kern SE, Cheung AK, Efficacy of local dipyridamole therapy in a porcine model of arteriovenous graft stenosis. Kidney Int 2006 Jun;69(12):2179-85

Noh GJ, Kim KM, Jeong YB, Jeong SW, Yoon HS, Jeong SM, Kang SH, Linares O, Kern S , Electroencephalographic Approximate Entropy Changes in Healthy Volunteers during Remifentanil Infusion. Anesthesiology 2006 May;104(5):921-932

Goteti K, Masaki T, Kuji T, Leypoldt JK, Cheung AK, Kern SE, Perivascular tissue pharmacokinetics of dipyridamole. Pharm Res 2006 Apr;23(4):718-28

Zhu W, Masaki T, Bae YH, Rathi R, Cheung AK, Kern SE, Development of a sustained-release system for perivascular delivery of dipyridamole. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2006 Apr;77(1):135-43

Wittwer E, Kern SE, Role of morphine's metabolites in analgesia: concepts and controversies. AAPS J 2006 May 26;8(2):E348-52

Sikharam S, Egan TD, Kern SE, Cyclodextrins as new formulation entities and therapeutic agents. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2005 Aug;18(4):392-5

Murphy PA, Kern SE, Stanczyk FZ, Westhoff CL, Interaction of St. John's Wort with oral contraceptives: effects on the pharmacokinetics of norethindrone and ethinyl estradiol, ovarian activity and breakthrough bleeding. Contraception 2005 Jun;71(6):402-8

Kern SE, Jaron D, Complementary and alternative medicine in the technology age. Applying bioengineering to understand and evaluate the efficacy of age-old remedies. IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag 2005 Mar-Apr;24(2):28-9

Bikram M, Lee M, Chang CW, Janát-Amsbury MM, Kern SE, Kim SW, Long-circulating DNA-complexed biodegradable multiblock copolymers for gene delivery: degradation profiles and evidence of dysopsonization. J Control Release 2005 Mar 2;103(1):221-33

Janat-Amsbury MM, Yockman JW, Lee M, Kern S, Furgeson DY, Bikram M, Kim S , Local, non-viral IL-12 gene therapy using a water soluble lipopolymer as carrier system combined with systemic paclitaxel for cancer treatment. J Control Release 2005 Jan 3;101(1-3):273-85

Lugo RA, Satterfield KL, Kern SE, Pharmacokinetics of methadone. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother 2005;19(4):13-24

Masaki T, Rathi R, Zentner G, Leypoldt JK, Mohammad SF, Burns GL, Li L, Zhuplatov S, Chirananthavat T, Kim SJ, Kern S, Holman J, Kim SW, Cheung A , Inhibition of neointimal hyperplasia in vascular grafts by sustained perivascular delivery of paclitaxel. Kidney Int 2004 Nov;66(5):2061-9

Johnson KB, Egan TD, Kern SE, McJames SW, Cluff ML, Pace NL, Influence of hemorrhagic shock followed by crystalloid resuscitation on propofol: a pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic analysis. Anesthesiology 2004 Sep;101(3):647-59

Kanwal C, Mu S, Kern SE, Lim CS, Bidirectional on/off switch for controlled targeting of proteins to subcellular compartments. J Control Release 2004 Aug 27;98(3):379-93

Kern SE, Xie G, White JL, Egan TD, A response surface analysis of propofol-remifentanil pharmacodynamic interaction in volunteers. Anesthesiology 2004 Jun;100(6):1373-81

Egan TD, Kern SE, Muir KT, White J, Remifentanil by bolus injection: a safety, pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and age effect investigation in human volunteers. Br J Anaesth 2004 Mar;92(3):335-43

Lugo RA, Kern SE, The pharmacokinetics of oxycodone. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother 2004;18(4):17-30

Lee M, Kern SE, Kisicki JC, Egan TD, A pharmacokinetic study to compare two simultaneous 400 microg doses with a single 800 microg dose of oral transmucosal fentanyl citrate. J Pain Symptom Manage 2003 Aug;26(2):743-7

Huefner RP, Waitzman N, Andrade JD, Kern SE, For cost-reducing technologies, knowing markets is to change them. IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag 2003 Jan-Feb;22(1):26-31

Kern SE, Jaron D, Healthcare technology, economics, and policy: an evolving balance. IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag 2003 Jan-Feb;22(1):16-9

Lugo RA, Kern SE, Clinical pharmacokinetics of morphine. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother 2002;16(4):5-18

Kern SE, Johnson JO, Westenskow DR, Fuzzy logic for model adaptation of a pharmacokinetic-based closed loop delivery system for pancuronium. Artif Intell Med 1997 Sep;11(1):9-31

Kern SE, Westenskow DR, Pharmacokinetic-based minibolus delivery as an alternative to continuous infusion for drugs that exhibit a biophase lag. J Pharmacokinet Biopharm 1997 Apr;25(2):191-208