"Medical Image Reconstruction: A Conceptual Tutorial" introduces the classical and modern image reconstruction technologies, such as two-dimensional (2D) parallel-beam and fan-beam imaging, three-dimensional (3D) parallel ray, parallel plane, and cone-beam imaging. This book presents both analytical and iterative methods of these technologies and their applications in X-ray CT (computed tomography), SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography), PET (positron emission tomography), and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). Contemporary research results in exact region-of-interest (ROI) reconstruction with truncated projections, Katsevich's cone-beam filtered backprojection algorithm, and reconstruction with highly undersampled data with l0-minimization are also included.
This book is written for engineers and researchers in the field of biomedical engineering specializing in medical imaging and image processing with image reconstruction.
Gengsheng Lawrence Zeng is an expert in the development of medical image reconstruction algorithms and is a professor at the Department of Radiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
Winner of the 1998 Association of American Publishers "Best New Title in Mathematics"
This book provides an overview of mathematical physiology containing a variety of physiological models. The book is in two parts: the first part is a pedagogical presentation of some of the basic theory, with chapters on biochemical reactions, diffusion, excitability, wave propagation and cellular homeostasis. The second, more extensive part discusses particular physiological systems, with chapters on calcium dynamics, bursting oscillations and secretion, cardia cells, muscles, inercellular communication, the circulatory system, the immune system, wound healing, the respiratory system, the visual system, hormone physiology, renal physiology, digestin, the visual system and hearing.
This book will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in applied mathematics interested in physiological problems and to quantitative physiologists wishing to know about current and new mathematical techniques.
This book is devoted to computer-based modeling in cardiology, by taking an educational point of view, and by summarizing knowledge from several, commonly considered delimited areas of cardiac research in a consistent way.
First, the foundations and numerical techniques from mathematics are provided, with a particular focus on the finite element and finite differences methods. Then, the theory of electric fields and continuum mechanics is introduced with respect to numerical calculations in anisotropic biological media. In addition to the presentation of digital image processing techniques, the following chapters deal with particular aspects of cardiac modeling: cardiac anatomy, cardiac electro physiology, cardiac mechanics, modeling of cardiac electro mechanics.
This book was written for researchers in modeling and cardiology, for clinical cardiologists, and for advanced students.
Fluorinated Surfaces, Coatings, and Films is a collection of papers from the ACS Symposium Series which focuses on recent research into the development of lower cost fluorinated polymers for use in the commercial polymer industry. Both basic science and more industrially oriented areas of research are represented.
A groundbreaking look at the nature of quantum mechanics.
With new technologies permitting the observation and manipulation of single quantum systems, the quantum theory of measurement is fast becoming a subject of experimental investigation in laboratories worldwide. This original new work addresses open fundamental questions in quantum mechanics in light of these experimental developments.
Using a novel analytical approach developed by the authors, Quantum Measurement of a Single System provides answers to three long-standing questions that have been debated by such thinkers as Bohr, Einstein, Heisenberg, and Schrödinger. It establishes the quantum theoretical limits to information obtained in the measurement of a single system on the quantum wavefunction of the system, the time evolution of the quantum observables associated with the system, and the classical potentials or forces which shape this time evolution. The technological relevance of the theory is also demonstrated through examples from atomic physics, quantum optics, and mesoscopic physics.
Suitable for professionals, students, or readers with a general interest in quantum mechanics, the book features recent formulations as well as humorous illustrations of the basic concepts of quantum measurement. Researchers in physics and engineering will find Quantum Measurement of a Single System a timely guide to one of the most stimulating fields of science today.
Polymeric materials are now playing an increasingly important role in pharmaceuticals, as well as in sensor sensing devices, in situ prostheses and probes, and microparticle diagnostic agents. 22 chapters report the latest information in the application of polymers to biological systems.
The information includes: New developments in bioactive polymers for pharmaceutical and biomaterials applications, Polymers as drugs, prodrugs, drug delivery systems, and in situ prostheses, New materials for degradation for controlled drug release, Synthesis, derivatization, characterization, applications, and evaluation techniques, Biodegradable materials, assemblies, hydrogels, telechelic polymers, derivatized polysaccharides, micro- and nanoparticles, mimetic protein networks, and interpenetrating polymers Antimicrobial treatment using polymer systems, Discussions of improved and enhanced material properties for medicinal applications, Over 150 table and figures
The Radiofrequency Radiation Dosimetry Handbook was published with the objective of providing the best information then available about electromagnetic energy absorption. In that edition the dosimetric data were limited mostly to the lower part of the electromagnetic spectrum, principally in the 10 kHz-1.5 GHz range, and also to homogeneous spheroidal and ellipsoidal models of humans and other animals. The data clearly demonstrated the importance of frequency, geometric configuration, and orientation in the assessment of biological effects induced by radiofrequency (RF) radiation.
Empirical relations for calculating the rate of energy absorption; some rules of thumb for electromagnetic absorption; and data from the literature for metabolic rates, dielectric constants, and conductivities were also included as well as tables summarizing the experimental data and theoretical techniques are reviewed.